thebigword Specialism Definitions (Linguist)

 SpecialismDefinition
Generic / Universal Non-Specialist material that does not require a detailed knowledge of the subject matter. Specialised terminology is not required.
Food & Drink Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the 'food and drinks' industry, including:
  • Food Production
  • Recipes, menus, nutritional information
  • Brewing and Distilling
  • Oenology / Wine Merchants
Arts & Culture Requiring knowledge and understanding of 'Arts and Culture'. Includes
  • Art, painting and sculptures
  • Music (all types)
  • Literature, creative writing, poetry
  • History
  • Hobbies
Banking & Finance Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the Banking and Finance industry. Content may be industry regulated or of an advisory nature, including:
  • Banking & Insurance (Mortgages, Loans, Savings, Bonds)
  • Accounting, Tax & Annual Reports
  • Stock Market, Investments & Equity Research
  • General Finance and Economy
Business & Commerce Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of Business & Commerce, including:
  • Import and Export
  • General Business Topics that are not captured in other categories
Marketing & Advertising Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of Marketing and Advertising, including:
  • Marketing of products & services 
  • Advertising & promotional material
  • Non sensitive content designed to be seen by multiple internal or public people
  • Material could be presented in any variety of formats including video, white papers, e-books, info graphics, case studies, how-to guides, Q&A articles, photos.
Communication & Media Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of Communications and Media, including:
  • Media and Press Releases
  • Social Media
  • Copyrighting
  • Subtitling
Automotive & Transport Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the manufacture, servicing and technical specifications of automobiles, aircraft, trains, boats etc.
  • Content could be internal instructions for engineers, mechanics, service personnel; or
  • Content could be specific terminology relating to the vehicle or transport type
Mechanical Engineering / Machinery Requiring specialist knowledge and understanding of the manufacture, servicing or technical specifications of non-domestic machinery of any kind.
  • Content may relate to mechanical and civil engineering sector
  • Content will contain specific technical terminology relating to these fields
Electrical Engineering / Electronics Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of electrical engineering and the production and use of electrical appliances, including:
  • Instructions for engineers, mechanics and service personnel
  • Relates to common house hold appliances i.e. fridges, freezers, washing machine, tumble driers, kitchen appliances, televisions and other electrical equipment.
Manufacturing / Industry Material relating to the conversion of raw materials, components, or parts into finished goods, including:
  • Instructions for engineers, mechanics, service personnel
  • Non electrical products e.g. textiles, furniture
Architecture & Construction Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of planning, design and building of new commercial property, domestic residences, bridges, roads etc. Including:
  • Architectural designs and drawings 
  • Planning and Consent
  • Clearing and Excavation
  • Construction 
  • Builders instructions
Computer Hardware & Telecommunications Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of IT hardware and Telecommunications related processes, methodologies and associated equipment employed to collect, process, and present information. Including:
  • Office Automation, Multimedia, and Telecommunications
  • Computer Hardware
Computer Software & Networking Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of IT related software development and programming methodologies. Including:
  • Coding, Programming, Web Page building
  • Systems analysis, Systems design and control 
  • Data Processing
Sports, Entertainment & Gaming Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of sports content, including instructions and sports journalism. Including
  • Content specifically relating to gaming (on-line, PC, mobile device or console based) or any form of visual or audio entertainment
  • Match reports 
  • Programme materials
Energy & Environment Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of energy and environmental sciences, including:
  • Extraction and processing of raw materials to create usable energy
  • Supply and Distribution
  • Domestic and Commercial use
  • Environmental impacts and mitigates
  • General Environmental topics
  • Geography and Geology
Travel Hospitality & Tourism Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the travel and tourism industry. Including:
  • Hospitality (Hotels, Motels or other accommodation sites)
  • Travel instructions, maps, tourist guides and brochures
  • Location reviews and local cultural information
Law & Legal Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the application of law, conformity with laws, principles, regulations, statutes, etc. Including:
  • Contracts and Terms and Conditions
  • Specialist Law (e.g. Criminal Law, Family Law, Real Estate Law etc.)
  • Patents and Intellectual Property
Compliance Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the assurance of a product or service meeting required standards, including:
  • Quality Assurance certification
  • Health and Safety
  • Regulatory Affairs
Science & Chemicals Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment, including
  • Chemistry, Physics, Biology
  • Plastics & Polymers
  • Mathematics and equations
Agriculture & Horticulture Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of techniques and methods to cultivate crops and plants, including:
  • Plant propagation, breeding of plants, plant physiology as well as genetic engineering
  • The science of growing food and crops
Veterinary Sciences Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the medical science concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases in animals, including:
  • Prevention or transmission of diseases from animal to humans
  • Monitoring and treatment of livestock
  • Care of animals, both domestic and wild
  • Ornithology
  • Zoology
Pharmaceutical & Clinical trials Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of the use and clinical trial of pharmaceutical and medicinal products, including:
  • Descriptions, preparations and dosages for medicines and drug products
  • Instructions and correspondence for clinical trial participation
  • Trial-specific protocols and manuals
  • Detailed pharmaceutical process and procedures
Military & Defence Requiring specialist knowledge and understanding of the manufacture, servicing or technical specifications of Military vehicles/transport/weaponry/ammunition. Including:
  • Rolling Stock, Aircraft, Naval Boats, Submarines or Ships & any Weaponry or Ammunition
  • Instructions for engineers, mechanics, service personnel or end users or customers
  • Content could be for National Defence Departments or Private Defence Contractors
General Healthcare Requiring a generalist knowledge and understanding of medical information or procedures. Including: 
  • Appointment letters and general healthcare documents 
Specialist Healthcare (Practise) Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of specialist medical practise, information or procedures. Including:
  • Doctor’s notes, prescriptions, medicines, drugs, surgical or dental procedures
Specialist Healthcare (Machinery) Requiring a specialist knowledge and understanding of medical equipment or instructions for use, including:
  • Manufacture or maintenance of specialist medical equipment as well as instructions for the use of the equipment.
UK Government Material may be sensitive, restricted or highly secure information, including:
  • UK government departments or services are included i.e. immigration services, police, ambulance services, fire services or third party companies that support the government in providing services
  • Police statements or Immigration interviews
  • Requires linguist to be BPSS vetted and be resident in the UK
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